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The use of ballistic missiles has altered the nature of modern combat and reduced the size of the battlefield. A ballistic missile is described as “a rocket-propelled, self-guided strategic weapon system that uses a ballistic trajectory to carry a payload from its launch site to a predetermined target” by In addition to traditional high explosives, ballistic missiles can carry armaments that are chemical, biological, or nuclear. The Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM), which has a range of more than 5,500 km and is primarily used to carry nuclear weapons (thermonuclear warheads), is the most potent variant of this weapon. Today, only the UIndia has improved its military capabilities over the years, building powerful missile deployment systems among other things. According to sources, the nation has four operational ballistic missile systems and about 70 warheads as part of its ground-based nuclear weapons programme. For instance, the 250 km and 700 km ranges of the short-range, road-mobile Prithvi-II and Agni-I (also rail-mobile) missiles, respectively. A land-based nuclear ICBM with a range of more than 7,000 km and a payload of roughly 1,500 kg that can travel at a speed of Mach 24 (29,401 kph) has been created by the DIndia belongs to the exclusive Nuclear Triad group as well. A nuclear triad is a three-pronged military force organisation made up of strategic planes carrying nuclear bombs and missiles, submarines equipped with nuclear missiles, and land-based nuclear missiles.

RDO.The majority of nations are on edge as a result of increasing threat perceptions and looming wars in modern geopolitics. As ballistic missiles become more potent, nations are likewise developing more robust missile defences to thwart and thwart any possible missile assaults. Countries are hurriedly constructing ballistic missile early warning systems due to the speed, precision, and unpredictability of these weapon systems.Tensions between India and China and Pakistan have increased. Several near-full-blown battles, or cross-border skirmishes, have happened over the years. Additionally, missile attacks from outside the borders have happened. Following the Kargil War, the Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme was established in order to install a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to defend India from missile assaults.

The nation also uses the anti-ballistic missile PritIn a significant step towards defensive localization, the nation is also building a three-layered long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) defence system designed to shoot down enemy planes and missiles at a range of 400 km.hvi Air Defence (PAD) system, which was created to intercept incoming ballistic missiles outside of the atmosphere. A two-stage missile called PAD can engage ballistic missiles in the 3,000-km range at a speed of Mach 5 (6,125.22 kmph), with a maximum interception altitude of 80 km. Additionally, the INS Dhruv of the Indian Navy is a platform with an active scanned array radar that it uses to scan different spectrum, keep track on spy satellites and missile testing, and serve as an early warning system for enemy missiles targeted at military installations and urban areas. Nuclear missiles with a long range can also be tracked.

S, Russia, China, India, France, the UK, Israel, and North Korea are known to have intercontinental ballistic missiles, however many other countries do still have regular ballistic missile arsenals.

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