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The military infrastructure of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is being significantly upgraded. This includes modernising airfields and jetties, improving logistics and storage capabilities, upgrading personnel lodgings, and putting in place a robust monitoring system.

The enhanced infrastructure is intended to facilitate the deployment of more military personnel and offer space for a larger and more numerous fleet of warships, aircraft, missile batteries, and soldiers, according to an Indian Express article.

China is expanding its sphere of influence in the area by erecting a military base on the Coco Islands of Myanmar, which are situated 55 km to the north of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands consist of 836 islands, of which 38 are inhabited. Founded in 2001, the Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) is the first and only tri-service command within the islands.

According to sources, there are plans to build a permanent home for Indian troops and to greatly improve the monitoring system at one of the northern islands.

Phased construction is underway to extend an airfield at a major navy aviation station. The goal of this improvement is to make it easier for heavier aircraft, including fighter jets and P8Is, to land. To accommodate larger ships, this location’s jetty is also being expanded. A road that connects the northern half of the islands to Port Blair in the south is being improved as part of the enhancements to accommodate more traffic.

Upgrading the Indian Air Force (IAF) station to house fighter squadrons for longer periods of time is one of the other significant infrastructural improvements. Additionally, the AIF station’s runway will be extended to around 3,000 metres.

To improve operations and traffic, India is building a container transshipment terminal together with auxiliary infrastructure.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are positioned strategically to dominate one of the busiest water lanes in the world. India is able to monitor the flow of water across the Strait of Malacca as it moves from the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean) to the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean). For trade and oil transportation throughout the Indo-Pacific region, this strait is essential.

The Indian Navy said that at INS Utkrosh in Port Blair, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Anil Chauhan inaugurated a state-of-the-art hangar and dispersal system last year. A precision approach radar (PAR) was installed at INS Utkrosh in February of current year by Navy Chief Admiral R Hari Kumar to allow for precise horizontal

In order to improve surveillance of 55 inhabited islands in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as well as Lakshadweep, the Centre instructed the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) earlier this month to increase its staffing levels for the analysis of satellite imagery, the technical capabilities of NRSC analysis, and the distribution of data analysis results.

The National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), the Navy, and officials from coastal security in the Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands convened as part of the Multi-Agency Maritime Security Group (MAMSG)-Policy conference held by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) last month. The discussion centred on the monitoring of uninhabited islands.

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