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Abdul Rehman Makki, the LeT deputy leader, is designated a “global terrorist” by the UN Security Council.

On Tuesday, China defended its decision to lift a technical hold that prevented the designation of Abdul Rehman Makki, the top LeT leader based in Pakistan, as a global terrorist, arguing that the listing of terrorists promotes improved international counterterrorism cooperation. China also praised Islamabad for its support of counterterrorism initiatives.

After China removed its objection to a joint India-US proposal to blacklist the deputy chief of the Pakistan-based terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba, Makki, the 68-year-old brother-in-law of Jamat-ud Dawa (JuD) chief and mastermind of the Mumbai attack, was named a global terrorist by the UN (LeT).

After years of work by India and its allies, the UN Security Council’s 1267 ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee added Makki to its list of terrorists on Monday, subjecting him to an asset freeze, travel ban, and arms embargo.

When asked about China’s decision to drop its objections to India and the US move to designate Makki a global terrorist and whether Beijing will also support similar moves against four other Pakistan-based terrorists currently pending with the Committee, Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin responded, “Terrorism is the common enemy of humanity.”

The listing of terrorists or terrorist organisations under the auspices of the UN is conducive to enhancing international counterterrorism cooperation in response to terrorist threats, he said, adding that the 1267 Committee (of the UN Security Council) is a crucial international counterterrorism mechanism.

“Pakistan has found guilty and sentenced the relevant parties. The listing is a recognition of Pakistan’s steadfast fight against terrorism “Without going into further detail, he stated that China, a close ally of Pakistan, made the initial decision to erect a technical barrier.

According to the standards and procedures of the committee, China has consistently contributed to the work of the 1267 Committee in a positive and responsible manner, he said.

China has worked to prevent the listing of several terrorists with a base in Pakistan, including Makki, over the years.

After Beijing dropped its objections, the UN designated Masood Azhar, the leader of the Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist group with headquarters in Pakistan, as a “global terrorist” in May 2019, giving India a significant diplomatic victory.

The removal of China’s objections to Makki’s UN listing coincides with the appointment of Qin Gang as the country’s new foreign minister. Wang Yi was succeeded by Qin, who had previously represented China in the US.

Over the years, China’s attempts to place technical holds on the declaration of terrorists with ties to Pakistan have grown increasingly vexing in the strained relations between Beijing and New Delhi.

Additionally, it occurs at a time when China and India were attempting to use high-level military and diplomatic negotiations to end their military standoff in Eastern Ladakh. 17 rounds of negotiations between the two nations have been held to resolve the troop withdrawal from a number of flashpoints in eastern Ladakh.

Makki’s designation as a global terrorist comes seven months after China blocked an initiative by India and the US to name the leader of the JuD/political LeT’s affairs wing on June 16, 2022.

Consensus is required for the 1267 sanctions committee to decide who and what to list.

China, the veto-holding permanent member of the Security Council, was the lone holdout during the process to list Makki out of the 15 Security Council members that make up the Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee.

Makki was unanimously classified as a “global terrorist” after China finally released its hold.

China has repeatedly blocked and put holds on India’s and its allies’ requests to list terrorists who are based in Pakistan.

Makki and other LeT/JuD operatives have been involved in fund-raising, recruiting and radicalising youth to violence and planning attacks in India, particularly in Jammu and Kashmir, according to the Sanctions Committee’s narrative summary of the reasons for Makki’s listing.

Makki is the deputy Amir/Chief of LeT, also known as JuD, and the head of the political affairs wing of LeT, according to a press release from the UN. He was also a member of the Shura and the director of the LeT’s foreign relations division (governing body).

Makki is a US-designated terrorist who was born in Bahawalpur, Punjab Province of Pakistan.

On May 15, 2019, he was detained in Pakistan and given house arrest in Lahore. According to the sanctions committee, Makki was found guilty of financing terrorism in 2020 and given a prison term.

According to the sanctions committee, Makki has held leadership positions within LeT and JuD during this time, and LeT has been linked to or perpetrated notable attacks, such as the Red Fort attack on December 22, 2000, in which six LeT terrorists stormed Red Fort and opened fire indiscriminately on the security forces guarding the Fort.

According to the committee, the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks were the most daring attack by LeT in India. Ten LeT terrorists from Pakistan entered Mumbai via the Arabian Sea with predetermined targets, of which Ajmal Kasab was captured alive and the others were killed.

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