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In the year 2022, India has strengthened its already strong maritime arsenal.

From the successful test of the Agni-V missile to the induction of INS Vikrant, India’s Armed Forces have accomplished numerous milestones in 2022 to safeguard its border on land, sea, and air. During the India-China conflict in Tawang, India successfully tested the nuclear-capable Agni-V ballistic missile. The steel used in the airbase at INS Vikrant was created and manufactured in India by DRDO scientists. Rocket launchers, torpedo launchers, and ASW helicopters developed in-house offer anti-submarine warfare capabilities for INS Mormugao.

New Delhi: Over the past few years, the Ministry of Defence has taken several steps to strengthen the Indian Armed Forces. Similarly, the Year 2022, has proven to be a successful year for the defence sector, as it has taken several bold steps to keep air, water and land secure from the enemy. It has implemented the Agnipath scheme to bring young energy into the defence force and secure the border and has successfully tested the Agni-V missile, which is capable of hitting targets in Beijing, setting an example of a self-sufficient nation in the defence sector. It also inducted INS Vikrant, the largest ship ever built in the maritime history of India in the same year to secure the water region of the nation. Let’s take a look back at the defence sector’s other major accomplishments this year.

Indian Navy Destroyer Warship INS Surat And Frigate INS Udaygiri Launched

On Tuesday, May 17, 2022, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will inaugurate the Indian Navy destroyer vessel INS Surat and frigate INS Udaygiri at Mazgaon Docks Limited (MDL) in Mumbai. The two indigenously built warships were launched concurrently at the MDL for the first time. The ship ‘Surat’ is the fourth and final stealth destroyer built under the ‘Project 15B’ programme, whereas Udaygiri is a Project 17A frigate built under the Indian Navy’s Project 17A programme, which was initiated in 2019 to build a series of stealth guided-missile frigates.

The fourth ship of the Project 15B destroyers, ‘INS Surat,’ signals a considerable redesign of the P15A (Kolkata Class) destroyers. It is named after Surat, the commercial capital of Gujarat, which has a long maritime and shipbuilding heritage. The ship was created utilising the ‘Block building process,’ which entails hull construction in two different geographical areas, which were then welded together at MDL in Mumbai.

The ship ‘Udaygiri,’ named after a mountain range in Andhra Pradesh, is outfitted with cutting-edge armaments, sensors, and platform management systems. The frigate is the reincarnation of the former ‘Udaygiri,’ a Leander-class ASW Frigate that faced multiple tough operations throughout its three-decade service to the country.

Introduction of Agnipath Scheme

Aiming to bring the youths of India into the Armed Forces, the Union Cabinet on June 14, 2022, came up with a new scheme named ‘Agnipath’, which allows patriotic and motivated youth to serve in the Armed Forces for a period of four years. The youth selected under this scheme will be known as Agniveers.

The scheme has been designed to enhance the youthful profile of the Armed Forces and provide a fresh lease of ‘Josh’ and ‘Jazba’ whilst at the same time bringing about a transformational shift towards a more tech-savvy Armed Forces – which is indeed the need of the hour.

Under this scheme, the Agniveers will be awarded various benefits, including a non-contributory life insurance cover of Rs 48 lakh for the duration of their engagement period in the Indian Armed Forces.

The INS Vikrant was commissioned.

The largest ship ever built in India’s maritime history, the INS Vikrant, was commissioned into the Indian Navy on September 2, 2022. Prime Minister Narendra Modi formally inducted India’s first homegrown aircraft carrier. The battleship was built with indigenous equipment and machinery supplied by India’s main industrial firms as well as over 100 MSMEs, and it includes cutting-edge automation features. The indigenous aircraft carrier was developed by the Indian Navy’s in-house Warship Design Bureau (WDB) and built by Cochin Shipyard Limited, a public sector shipyard under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways. It is named after her historic predecessor, India’s first aircraft carrier, which played an important role in the 1971 war.

The Third Survey Vessel of India Was Launched

The third of four Survey Vessels (Large) (SVL) Project vessels, ‘Ikshak,’ was launched on November 26, 2022 at Kattupalli, Chennai. The survey vessel, built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE/L&T), made her first touch with the sea of the Bay of Bengal at 1040 hrs at the Launch Ceremony, which was attended by VAdm MA Hampiholi, Flag Officer Commanding in Chief, Southern Naval Command. The word ‘Ikshak’ means ‘Guide,’ and the ship, as the name suggests, aids in the safe journey of mariners at sea. The enormous survey vessel, which measures 110 metres in length and 16 metres in width, can carry four survey motorboats, an integrated helicopter, and a crew of 231 people. The ships’ principal function is

The Agni-V Missile has successfully been tested.

On December 15, 2022, India successfully test-fired the nuclear-capable ballistic missile Agni-V, which is capable of neutralising a target at ranges of up to 5,000 km, adding significantly to the country’s strategic deterrence. The missile, which was launched off the coast of Odisha from the APJ Abdul Kalam Island, is meant to reinforce India’s nuclear deterrence against China, which is believed to have missiles with ranges ranging from 12,000 to 15,000 kilometres, such as the Dongfeng-41. The missile has the capability of striking practically the whole Asian continent, including the northernmost section of China and some places in Europe.

The INS Mormugao has been commissioned.

On December 18, 2022, the Indian Navy commissioned the INS Mormugao, a P15B stealth-guided missile destroyer, at the naval dockyard in Mumbai. The ceremony was attended by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Anil Chauhan, and other high officials. Her commissioning coincided with the commencement of ‘Operation Vijay’ in 1961 to liberate Goa from Portuguese domination. The destroyer, named after the historic port city of Goa, is claimed to be outfitted with cutting-edge armaments and sensors, surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles, and advanced surveillance radar that gives target data to weapon systems. The INS Mormugao was launched in September 2016 and will make her first sea sortie on December 19, 2021, on the 60th anniversary of the Indian Navy.

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