THE DRDO’S VSHORAD MISSILE SYSTEM: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

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On September 27, 2022, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully tested the Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha. It is a mobile air defence system (MANPADS). These are surface-to-air missiles with a short range, light weight, and portability. Individuals or small groups can use them to harm aircraft or helicopters.

New Delhi: The VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system, designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), obtained an Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) from the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on Tuesday. The new incident correlates with reports of Chinese air incursions near the LAC last year, as well as the present military standoff with China in eastern Ladakh. Since 2018, India has been in talks with Russia to acquire Igla-S air defence missiles under the VSHORAD programme, with the goal of replacing the Russian Igla-M already in service by the Indian army. This, on the other hand, is moving at a glacial rate.

With an AoN, the administration has stated that it is striving for self-reliance – or Atmanirbharta – in the defence sector. The acquisition of the VSHORAD missile is a prime example.

What Is the VSHORAD Missile System All About?

On September 27, 2022, the DRDO successfully tested the Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur, off the coast of Odisha. The Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad invented and developed the Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) known as VSHORADS in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners.

Several novel technologies, like as integrated avionics and a miniaturised Reaction Control System (RCS), have been successfully tested and are now part of the VSHORADS missile. The missile uses a dual-thrust solid motor to neutralise low-altitude aircraft threats at close ranges. To ensure mobility, the missile’s architecture, including the launcher, has been extensively optimised. Both flying tests completely met the mission objectives.

Although the technical characteristics of the missile are unknown, Army leaders have claimed that it can be quickly deployed in the highlands near the LAC since it is more portable and lightweight than the other missile systems in the Army’s arsenal. It may be carried by a man.

According to one officer, there is “a severe shortage in the Army’s inventory when it comes to man-portable air defence missiles, notably for the eastern and northern borders, but not so much for the western borders with Pakistan, where India has the Soviet-era OSA AK missile systems.”

Although the technical characteristics of the missile are unknown, Army leaders have claimed that it can be quickly deployed in the highlands near the LAC since it is more portable and lightweight than the other missile systems in the Army’s arsenal. It may be carried by a man.

According to one officer, there is “a severe shortage in the Army’s inventory when it comes to man-portable air defence missiles, notably for the eastern and northern borders, but not so much for the western borders with Pakistan, where India has the Soviet-era OSA AK missile systems.”

When Is It Going to Be Inducted?

Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) is the first step in the lengthy procurement process. The AoN may or may not become a final order. If a final order is placed, funding, production, and induction will take at least four years.

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