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In New Delhi: India has shared a vision of becoming the voice of the Global South throughout its G20 presidency, and the nation has made sure to walk the walk by putting a strong emphasis on voicing concerns.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated in December that “our G20 priorities will be shaped in consultation with not only our G20 partners, but also our fellow travellers in the Global South, whose voice often goes unheard.”

The Global South was one of the ideas Prime Minister Modi outlined for India’s year-long G20 chairmanship when it took office on December 1, 2022.

Developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America are referred to as being in the Global South, whereas economically developed nations like the United States, Canada, Europe, Russia, Australia, and New Zealand are considered to be in the Global North.

In order to achieve its goal, India has brought up concerns for the nations of the Global South in international forums and at conferences and meetings of the UN.

India has demonstrated that it is serious about addressing problems in the Global South, according to recent comments made by S Jaishankar, the minister of external affairs.

How, therefore, has India demonstrated its commitment to the Global South? Stressful circumstances typically serve as a reliable predictor of intention and behaviour. About 100 nations received vaccines made in India during the Covid (pandemic). According to EAM Jaishankar, who described how India strove to advance the cause of the Global South, “And during this period, about 150 nations imported medicines from the Pharmacy of the World.”

India hosted the Voice of Global South Summit digitally in January at the outset of their presidency, which had attendees from 125 nations. Even at the G7 Summit in Hiroshima in May of this year, India made sure the region maintained its prominent position.

“On January 12, Prime Minister Narendra Modi presided over the meeting of the inaugural leaders. Eight theme segments at the ministerial level that dealt with the most important issues facing the developing world came next. The Concluding Leaders’ Session, which was also hosted by the Prime Minister, brought the Summit to a close on January 13th, according to a statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs.

“The attending Leaders praised and commended the Prime Minister’s leadership for organising the Summit at such a critical time. They expressed the hope that the Summit would act as a catalyst for creating an open and prosperous future for all people that takes into account the demands of the Global South,” the statement continued.

The inclusion of the African Union as a full member of the G20 is one of the arguments India makes for the Global South.

The Global South, according to Prime Minister Modi, is not just a diplomatic term; it refers to the united struggle of these nations against colonialism and apartheid, on the basis of which contemporary relations are being rebuilt. This was mentioned recently during the 15th BRICS Summit in South Africa.

“I am appreciative that South African President Cyril Ramaphosa gave me the chance to exchange ideas with the heads of state from Latin America, Asia, and Africa. We have spent the previous two days concentrating on the priorities and issues of the Global South,” remarked PM Modi.

“We think that the current generation needs to give them the attention they deserve. Additionally, we have decided to expand BRICS. All new partner countries are warmly welcomed. It is a further step towards increasing the competitiveness of international organisations and fora, he continued.

Later in June, India hosted a two-day event on international taxation at the National Academy of Direct Taxes (NADT), Nagpur in association with South Centre, a Geneva-based intergovernmental policy research think-tank of 55 developing countries, including India, with the goal of attempting to represent the views of the Global South on significant international issues during India’s G20 Presidency.

The “Two Pillar Solution – Understanding the Implications for the Global South” G20-South Centre Capacity Building Event on International Taxation included two panel discussions on the Two-Pillar Solution and its alternatives.

The event’s discussions centred on the Two-Pillar Solution’s effects on developing economies. In addition, a session on tax treaty negotiations was part of the programme. This event is a global south-focused effort of the Indian Presidency to support the capacity building of senior and middle management level Indian tax officers in the field of international taxation.

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